Reserves Kherson


According to its natural and climatic conditions the south of Ukraine belongs to the best territories of the world. Khersonschina has an output to the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, counting over two hundred kilometres of remarkable beaches with well developed resort infrastructure. The hunters and fishermen, supporters of sail sport and simple travelers like picturesque back-waters of Dnepr, timberlands since ancient times. Two of three biosphere preserves of Ukraine are located here: the Black Sea and «Askaniya-Nova» named after F.E.Fal'c-Feyn, which are included in the world network of natural preserves, closely co-operate with UNESCO. The attention of rest lovers is attracted also Azovo-Sivaskiy national natural park, hunting industries.



Oleshkivs'ki sands are an unique natural object, which took relevant place in special nominations of the all- Ukraine action «7 natural wonders of Ukraine. This mysterious place between the BlackSea and the Dnipr river is interested to everyone, who had traveled through the south of Ukraine. On this territory, which occupies several districts of Kherson region, all nature delights intertwined. The biggest desert, which is situated on the left bank of the Kherson region, officially recognized as the sole in Europe. There are many wonderful, very beautiful and unique places in Ukraine, unusual and even mysterious. And, perhaps, one of the most mysterious is Oleshkivs'ki sands. Drift sand, barchans, hot air, yellow hills are everywhere. On the upwind slope there are not clear curve letters - viper's footsteps, rare blades of Drifty oat, and also some prickly grass, sharp-leaved willow bushes. And near the wavy horizon line, there, from where this flaming air flows, yellow-grey column - tornado. The real desert.



Real miracle is green oasis in droughty Tavria steppe «Askaniya- Nova» in the former Dnepr district (presently Chaplinskiy district), it was created by landowner Frederic Eduard Fal'c-Feyn over 100 years ago, who was born in Askaniya-Nova and from childhood loved native land and its surprising nature. No less he loved charming of the primordial beauty boundless steppe spaces. And, to save for descendants this world with its untouched by plough vegetation and rare animal kingdom, he was first in the world who took out of economic land-tenure over 10000 hectares and organized in Askaniya-Nova steppe preserve which had became the base of present the biggest in Europe area of the protected steppe. But prominent askaniyskiy lover of nature was not limited by the only keeping in the family estate of unique natural complex - virgin steppe. He formed also remarkable zoo in Askaniya-N ova during 1874-1916 years, filling up the tavriyskiy world of steppe with many rare animals and poultries from all continents of planet. Biosphere preserve «Askaniya-Nova» is nature protection research establishment of international value, which is included in the world network of biosphere preserves and closely co-operates with UNESCO. Unique combination of natural and artificially created ecosystems is the base of study of changes in an environment, development and introduction in practice of the system of rational coexistence of man with nature. In July, 2009, biosphere preserve «Askaniya-Nova» went on the semifinal of the World competition «Seven new wonders of nature», and last year became one of winners of national action «7 natural wonders of Ukraine. It is the unique in Europe area of the desert, which plough never touched. Preserve occupies territory near 11 thousand hectares, where a few hundreds types of plants and animals live.



The territory of preserve presents variety of conditions and organisms of steppe south of Ukraine. On the quantity of plants, entered in the European red list, it occupies the fourth place in Ukraine, yielding to only three known preserves of mountain Crimea. Presently the Black Sea biosphere preserve became practically the main center, where the most rich and unique natural complexes of the natural world of extreme south were saved, which before the man intervention were widespread from the east border of Ukraine to western. To the Red book of Ukraine and to the European red list 20 types of rarity of flora of preserve are entered, to the list - 17 kinds, that underlines its world value. Animal kingdom of preserve is also rich, the variety of its landscapes and geographical position promoted to it. In its distribution it to a great extent is related to considered below natural sand and forest-steppe, seashore, desert and steppe complexes.


Preserve is the real reign of poultries which are known here 305 kinds. 110 kinds of them nest on its territory, and other meet during wintering and flights. General amount of poultries which winter in gulfs is more than 120 thousands of individuals. The most important for birds is seacoast and islands complex where 125 kinds are registered.



Azovo-sivaskiy national natural park is located on the island of Biryuchiy, in western part of the Sea of Azov, its territory is 57,4 thousands hectares. From west to east it stretched for 94 km, and from north to south - for 33 km. Park was created on February, 25, 1993 during reorganization of Azovo- Sivaskogo preserve. The keeping of nesting of poultries, nature and animal world, unique natural complexes of North Priazov'ye is conducted here.Flora of park is presented by the deserted steppe and salt-marsh vegetation. Feather-grass and couch- grass steppes prevail. 308 types of plants grow on territory of park, 12 of them is brought in the Red book of Ukraine. On the protected islands of Central Sivash - Churyuk and Kuyuk-Tuk there was saved the real steppe «aborigines». Here October Scythian, violet miracle, steppe clary, bristly triniya are growing and others. Azovo-Sivash park is a place of nesting of many poultries, which are attracted by mildness of climate, rich forage lands and hard-to-hit areas. A large migratory way goes here. In 1976 the territory of Sivashiv became an object of Conventions on water and marsh land, which have an international value, mainly, as environments of existence of waterfowls. Acclimatization works of some types of animals and poultries are was begun in 1928. Pheasant ordinary was acclimatized from hunting poultries, from animals - a deer noble, fallow deer, moufflon and kulan. From «aborigines» there are brown hare, fox, raccoon dog live.

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